In Uruguay, School Transport is a “home-school-home” service, provided by private suppliers.
Article 31(d) from National Traffic Act Nº 18.191 mentions school transport and even though municipal governments should comply with national laws, they also have the authority to implement the national law on their territory.
Municipal Governments are the ones responsible for the inspection and authorization of vehicles to be used for this purpose.
The vehicle’s authorization must be visible at all times, either by means of stickers or cards (if the authorization is not visible, it may be requested to the person in charge).
Montevideo´s Government has a Municipal decree – Nº 206/2010 that states that vehicles must be registered and authorized by the Municipal Administration, as well as having to comply with several requirements related to: car body, emergency door, seats, fire extinguishers, height-adjustable seat belts, among others. Furthermore, it establishes that the longest drive has to be of a maximum of sixty minutes and states the requirements related to the drivers. It also states that the driver needs a steward if the vehicle has a capacity of more than twenty children. The steward should be older than 16 years and have their health records and Police Clearance Certificate. Their duties are to supervise, assist and accompany minors, among others.
Also, vehicles with a tourism license, often used to go on tours, camps, to sporting clubs, etc., must be authorized by the Ministry of Transport and Public Works. The only current requirement they have to comply with is to have seat belts in every seat, but neither the type of belt nor the need for the use of CRS for children under 3 years old is mentioned.
National Road Safety and Traffic Act Nº 18.191
Regulatory Decree article 31 of Act Nº 18.191 (seat belt use)
Municipal Regulations – Montevideo
LINK (only available in spanish)
Municipal Board of Salto – Decree Nº 6.649/2013 – Ordinance concerning public transport services for students
• Municipal Board of Canelones -Decree 10/2011- Ordinance concerning public transport services for students of Canelones
Circular N° 64/12 Board of Pre-School and Primary Education on the use of seat belts by children
Child Road Safety Manual, Fundación Gonzalo Rodríguez
LINK (only available in spanish)
Up to date, Fundación Gonzalo Rodriguez has carried out research studies on School Transportation, amongst other topics.
School Transport: current situation and opportunities for improvement.
Survey on Behaviors, Opinions and Attitudes towards Traffic - Analysis of Road Crashes Involving Children in Uruguay
Survey about conducts, behaviors and opinions towards traffic
The lack of restraint systems on a school transport vehicle can cause serious injuries in the event of sudden braking or a crash.
The technical requirements that must be complied with by school transport vehicles, regarding passenger protection, focus on warranting a residual space and the correct functioning of the restraint systems inside said space. Some of these requirements are:
- Learn about the requirements of current regulations for School Transport in your province and demand compliance.
- If you detect any non-compliance in relation to the current regulations, report it at the Traffic Department in your province.