Assessment of Child Restraint Systems for Latin America
Since 2013, Fundación Gonzalo Rodriguez is part of a team composed by Global and Latin NCAP, International Consumer Research and Testing (ICRT), Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil-Club (ADAC) and ProTeste to evaluate Child Restraint Systems (CRS) for the Latin American market.
In 2016, Consumer Power and the Organization of Consumers and Users of Chile joined the team, allowing the evaluation of SRI available in other Latin American markets.
The assessment aims to:
• raise awareness among consumers
• generate information for consumers on safety performance and
• provide input to the reference list of Latin NCAP.
The selection of products to be incorporated in the assessment is based on the relevance and availability in the markets of Latin America. Emphasis was placed on basic products for the local market. All the tested products meet standard A-R44, UN-R129, NBR 14400, or FMVSS123.
The SRI were evaluated in frontal and side impact, and also ease of use was assessed using a checklist tailored to the situation in Latin America.
• During the assessment, irregularities were found in the legislation, probably due to lack of market surveillance. In several cases, this involves products that have been approved by European authorities, but not sold in European markets.
• The main concern in this regard are CRSwhich are multi-group (0/1/2 and 1/2), that allow you to remove the harness to locate older children, who are then secured with the car belt. This can increase the risk of abdominal injuries when the belt is positioned over the child's abdomen.
• In addition, multi-group CRS are generally bulky and installation mode change from one group to another is complex.
• Furthermore, specific CRS for a single group tend to have a better performance than the multi-group that in the best case, is a risk.
• In assessments undesirable dynamic movements and structural failures were recorded, representing a high risk for the child to use them.
• The side protection is still a point of attention, but when not required at the legal level. Several CRS do not offer, or offer too little, lateral protection.